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B | Dental Dictionary

  • band - metal ring cemented in place around a tooth to allow brackets to attach to the teeth
  • banding - orthodontic process of fitting and cementing bands to teeth
  • base - insulating substance used beneath restorations to protect tooth pulp from changes in temperature
  • benefit - payment for covered dental services by a third-party insurer
  • benign - a term used to indicate mild, non-threatening, or non-malignant
  • bicuspid - tooth located in front of the molars and behind cuspids
  • bilateral - term meaning both right and left sides are indicated
  • biopsy - the removal of a small amount of tissue for examination and/or testing
  • bioinert - material property indicating it causes no physical reaction, such as inflammation or immune response
  • bite/occlusion - physical relationship between upper and lower teeth when closed
  • bleaching - whitening of the teeth, generally using a chemical oxidizing agent and/or laser treatment
  • block injection - anesthetic placed to cause numbness over a large area of the jaw and mouth
  • block graft - bone graft stabilized with screw, generally used to correct a large bone defect
  • bond - mechanical or chemical adhesion connecting two surfaces, orthodontic appliance seal
  • bonding - the process of attaching brackets to teeth for braces or restoring teeth with composite resin to repair tooth color or shape
  • bone atrophy/resorption - loss of bone in the jaw, commonly caused by periodontal disease
  • braces - orthodontic devices used to reposition teeth over time to correct misalignment, generally consisting of brackets and archwires
  • bracket - ceramic or metal piece cemented to the tooth to hold an archwire for orthodontic treatment
  • bridge/partial denture - a dental prosthetic device used to replace one or more missing teeth, generally attaches to surrounding teeth or implants for support
  • bruxism - involuntary grinding of the teeth, usually while sleeping, often causing tooth wear, sensitivity, headaches, and jaw pain
  • buccal - referring to or toward the cheek
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—Katee J.
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